Amid the growing threat of cyberattacks, the world faces an array of hackers, from script kiddies to state-sponsored agents, posing serious challenges. Ethical hackers play a vital role in securing systems through responsible disclosure. International incidents like the Stuxnet attack on an Iranian nuclear facility and Edward

Ransomware, exemplified by WannaCry, poses a significant threat by encrypting data and demanding untraceable Bitcoin payments. Paying the ransom doesn't guarantee data retrieval, fueling cybercriminal activities. To safeguard against such threats, prioritize Cybersecurity: update software, shun pirated versions, and back up data offline. Microsoft offers regional discounts to combat counterfeit software. Developing a robust national Cybersecurity policy is crucial, akin to treating it as a national security concern. While Sri Lanka hasn't faced a major cyber attack, proactive measures are essential in this era of digitization to avoid potential chaos and economic losses. Cybersecurity is paramount in our increasingly interconnected world.

Ransomware, particularly the WannaCry strain, has caused a global cyber attack affecting numerous countries and organizations. Ransomware is malicious software that encrypts data on a computer, demanding a ransom to unlock it. This attack has disrupted critical services, like the UK's National Health Service, due to unpatched vulnerabilities in Windows systems. To protect against such threats, individuals should regularly update their operating systems, back up data offline, and be cautious about communication. Organizations should establish Cybersecurity protocols, conduct drills, and prioritize updates to prevent and mitigate cyberattacks. The attack has been slowed down, but it remains a significant threat.

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